An itchy scalp and white flakes are a nuisance and can be embarrassing. And to make matters worse, there's a lot of false info out there. For example, did you know that dandruff often is caused by an oily scalp, not a dry one? Let's take a look at the basics of dandruff, and what you can do to combat it:
Our scalps consist of three layers: the hypodermis, the dermis, and epidermis. The epidermis, the outer layer, is what sheds, causing those tell-tale flakes.
Cause and effect
What causes dandruff varies. Extreme weather, stress, poor hygiene, styling product build-up, even hormone and weight fluctuation, can cause scalp itchiness and flakes.
Start with the basics
Since the causes vary, the treatment will vary. So before you treat, start by exfoliating the scalp to loosen flakes. Exfoliating your scalp is as easy as massaging your scalp in the shower with Epsom salts, which you can find in any drug store.
Call in the zinc
It’s a good idea to routinely cleanse your scalp with a product containing Zinc Pyrithione, such as Biolage Scalpsync Anti-Dandruff Shampoo or Paul Mitchel Shampoo Two. These products help soothe the scalp and help regulate the over production of oil.
Get a routine
If external factors are the cause of your dandruff, it may be easier to treat and control. Exfoliating and using a treatment shampoo should improve your symptoms greatly. Using a tea tree oil or a product containing it can also bring about relief. Give Paul Mitchell Tea Tree Shampoo and Conditioner or DESIGNLINE Tea Tree a try.
If your symptoms persist or worsen, it’s best to see your doctor for a proper diagnosis and possible prescription treatment options.